The Tel Dor Archaeological Expedition

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Area G : 1991

On the west side of the area we removed the last of the "Blob". Going down, we found more of the Iron Age houses and more of the Iron I/IIa destruction deposit that turned up in 1989. Among the more important finds were fragments of a superb white-painted Cypriot chalice of around 1000 B.C., a couple of arrow-heads, and an enigmatic table-shaped object of kurkar which some were convinced was a horned altar. Unfortunately it proved a good deal less impressive when we removed it, and it now sits forlornly in the forecourt of the site museum, awaiting exegesis.

On the east side, the squares were strung out in an L-shaped formation. As we predicted, Iron Age house walls turned up in the southern part, but this time associated with numerous floors, stratified above the other in classic fashion. On the south one of them yielded hippopotamus bones (the area between the kurkar ridge -- now the Freeway -- and the Carmel was a swamp in antiquity, and one town just to the south was even called Krokodilopolis, Crocodile-town); another produced the remains of a fish-and-goat barbecue. Two fine scarabs were also recovered. Below the last floor a section of a very violent destruction appeared which probably belong to Iron I and may correlate with destructions in F and B. Debate continues whether this was the work of in-coming Sea Peoples or Israelites.

Farther north a series of walls and pits from the Iron Age to the Hellenistic period were uncovered, some of which may belong to the Hellenistic predecessors of the Roman forum. Most mysterious was the discovery of a Roman drain preserved at a much lower depth than any others found in this area.

One square was particularly rich, consisting of an Iron IIa destruction deposit bulging with pottery and small finds. A tabun was found built against a wall, indicating that this was a courtyard. This small (4 meters by 2) area produced thirteen cup-and-saucer fragments, more than have been found in all the other areas of the site combined, and many other nearly whole vessels.

Scarab seals

Yearly reports for Area G:
1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1991 , 1992, 1993, 1994, 1997

Please direct all excavation related inquiries to Professor Sarah Stroup at
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